Olive, feminine noun (une olive, l’olive, des olives) = olive (pronounced oh-leave)
Olive verte = green olive, olive noire = black olive, de l’huile d’olive = olive oil, de l’huile d’olive vierge = virgin olive oil, des olives dénoyautées = stoned (pitted) olives, un olivier = an olive tree, une branche (or un rameau) d’olivier = an olive branch, du bois d’olivier = olive wood, une oliveraie = an olive grove.
It is also a colour: vert olive = olive green,
and a (very out of fashion) female first name, Olive; but a quite fashionable and inter-generational male first name, Olivier.
Olive oil is of course widely used in Mediterranean, and therefore French, cuisine, as are olives. My recipe for today is tapenade, a paste made with black olives and used to spread on bread, toast, biscuits, blinis, etc. as apéritif nibbles. Recipes for tapenade vary, ingredients sometimes trade green olives for the black, and it is used widely also as an ingredient in other recipes such as lamb or rabbit stew, pasties, etc.
For a cupful you will need:
- 100gr stoned black olives
- 25gr capers
- 25gr anchovy fillets
- 1/2 clove garlic
- about 15cl olive oil
- a little lemon juice
The anchovy fillets can be the very salty, thin, deep red kind, or the less salty, fatter silvery kind. Do not re-salt your mixture. I also added a few dashes of tabasco, but this is not traditional.
Drain the olives and the anchovies and put all the roughly chopped ingredients plus a tbs or two of olive oil into a mini blender and pulse to obtain a smooth paste. No recognizable bits should remain. If the paste is not smooth enough, add a tiny bit more olive oil, until you get it to the right consistency. It should be like jam that does not fall off your piece of toast, not sloppy. A bit more liquid than peanut butter? Difficult to say really. It is a little bitter and should be moderately salty.
Spread it onto biscuits, blinis, or squares of toast, or slices of baguette cut at an angle. You may garnish these with chopped chives, half a cherry tomato, or any other embellishment that comes to mind (but you don’t have to, it’s nice just by itself, but not very exciting looking). Try it with a glass of wine before a meal.
Tapenade will keep in a jar, covered, for a few days in the fridge. Do cover it or it will garlic up your whole fridge.